Wake Up, Philippines!

Poverty worsens — SWS survey

Posted in Poverty, Surveys by Erineus on April 28, 2009
By ELLALYN B. DE VERA
April 27, 2009, 6:26pm

Compared to a year ago, Filipinos who consider their lives had worsened increased by four points to 47 percent, new survey results showed.

While optimism that the quality of lives of Filipinos will improve in the next 12 months rose, pessimism among other individuals also rose, which brings the net personal optimism of Filipinos more or less “unchanged,” the latest Social Weather Stations (SWS) survey results showed.

The nationwide survey fielded over Feb. 20-23 among 1,200 respondents showed that 32 percent is expecting personal quality of life to improve in the next 12 months, while 19 percent of Filipinos is expecting it to get worse.

This brings the net personal optimism (percentage of optimists minus percentage of pessimists) to +14, or “fair.”

SWS explained that as compared to the fourth quarter of 2008 figures, both personal optimism (rose by two points) and personal pessimism (rose by four points), increased.

“Thus net personal optimism was more or less unchanged,” SWS said.

With regard to change in personal quality of life compared to 12 months ago, the latest survey found those saying their lives had worsened (termed “losers”) increased by four points to 47 percent as compared to the fourth quarter of 2008 figure.

Meanwhile, those saying their lives had improved (termed “gainers”) remained at 19 percent.

SWS said the result of the losers and gainers brings the “Gainers-Losers gap” (percentage of gainers minus percentage of losers) to a low –28, or “worse” by four points from the previous quarter.

Considering personal optimism among geographic areas, the survey showed that it rose in Luzon outside Metro Manila, and decreased in the Visayas.

As compared to the previous quarter, net personal optimism in balance Luzon rose by six points, to a high +23 in February.

However, it declined by 15 points in the Visayas, to a “low” –4, by six points in Mindanao, to a “fair” +11, and by one point in Metro Manila, to a “fair” +14.

With regard to net personal optimism among socio-economic classes, it rose by two points in class D, to a “fair” +16 in February.

Meanwhile, it declined by 13 points in class E, down to a “mediocre” +5, and by four points in class ABC, to a “fair” +15 [Chart 5, Table 5].

As also shown in the survey, gainers-losers gap narrowed in Mindanao and widened in the Visayas.

The figures showed that the number of losers exceeding gainers in Mindanao eased by six points from the previous quarter, “slightly improving to a mediocre –16” in February.

However, it worsened by 19 points in the Visayas, down to a “very low” –49, by five points in Metro Manila, to a “very low” –33, and by two points in Balance Luzon, to a “low” –23.

Likewise, it worsened by 14 points in class E, falling to a “very low” –36, and by three points in class ABC, to a “mediocre” –17.

It remained at a “low” –26 in class D.

The February survey also looked into the level of optimism and pessimism of Filipinos with regard to the global financial crisis.

“Optimism that the Philippine economy would get better (economic optimists) rose by one point, to 19 percent in February, while pessimism (economic pessimist) stayed at 38 percent,” SWS said.

The net economic optimism score (percentage of economic optimists minus percentage of economic pessimists) was a “mediocre” –19.

SWS noted that net economic optimism has been at “low to very low” levels over the past six quarters, ranging from –19 to –39. As shown in the results, economic pessimism eased in Metro Manila and worsened in the Visayas.

Economic pessimism eased in Metro Manila, with a net economic optimism improved by 19 points from the previous quarter to a mediocre –18 in February.

Net economic optimism improved by seven points in balance Luzon, to a “mediocre” –14.

It worsened by 18 points in the Visayas, down to a “very low” –33, and by five points in Mindanao, to a “mediocre” –18. It rose by six points in class D, to a “mediocre” –18, and by five points in class ABC, to a “mediocre” –17. It worsened by 15 points in class E, to a “low” –23.

The SWS first quarter survey of 2009 used face-to-face interviews of 1,200 adults in Metro Manila, the balance of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao with sampling error margins of ±3 percentage for national percentages and ±6 percentage for area percentages.

http://mb.com.ph/articles/203898/poverty-worsens-sws-survey

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