By AARON B. RECUENCO
April 2, 2010, 6:13pm
If the Roman Catholic Church has Seven Deadly Sins to do away with, the Philippine National Police (PNP) has nine for this year’s national and local elections.
Director General Jesus Verzosa, PNP chief, said copies of the nine prohibited acts for all policemen to follow will be distributed in English and Filipino languages to all police units across the country starting next week.
Verzosa said prohibited acts include:
1. Forming organizations, associations, clubs or groups of persons for the purpose of soliciting votes or undertaking any campaign for or against a candidate;
2. Holding of caucuses, conferences, meeting or rally for the purpose of soliciting votes or undertaking any campaign or propaganda for or against a candidate;
3. Making speeches, announcements, or commentaries for or against the election of any candidate for public office;
4. Publishing or distributing campaign literature or materials designed to support or oppose the election of any candidate;
5. Directly or indirectly soliciting votes, pledges, or support for or against a candidate;
6. Being a delegate to any political convention or member of any political committee or any officer of any political club, or other similar political organizations;
7. Making speeches or publications to draw political support in behalf of a particular party or candidate;
8. Directly or indirectly soliciting or receiving contribution for political purposes, and;
9. Becoming publicly identified with the success or failure of any candidate.
Verzosa said the nine prohibited acts all boils down to the simple rule that the policemen should never engage in partisan politics for the sake of maintaining integrity of the PNP organization.
“As public servants, PNP personnel are mandated to remain neutral in the conduct of national and local elections and concentrate instead on keeping peace in the polls,” said Verzosa.
Verzosa said these prohibited acts constitute “electioneering,” adding that it violates the provision stipulated in the Civil Service Commission Circular which states that: “No officer or employee in the civil service including members of the Armed Forces, shall engage directly or indirectly in any partisan political activity except to vote nor shall he use his official authority or influence to coerce the political activity or any other person or body.”
Verzosa said the Nine Prohibited Acts will come along with the 10 Policy Guidelines which he issued for all policemen to observe in the forthcoming May 10 national elections.
The Ten Policy Guidelines of the Chief PNP are:
1. Fear God, Love your country and the sanctity of the ballot;
2. Focus only on your solemn oath to serve and protect the people;
3. Honor your badge and use your authority to ensure honest, orderly and peaceful elections;
4. Remember that election day is sacred. You and your fellowmen have a sacred duty to exercise your right to vote;
5. Honor and follow only the PNP established chain of command;
6. Respect human rights, protect the environment and enforce all laws without fear or favor;
7. Love your job as an act of faithfulness to your family;
8. Respect and protect the sanctity of your vote and the vote of others;
9. Ensure the truthfulness and integrity of all your reports. Do not spread rumors and falsehood, and;
10. Be content and support whoever gets the mandate of the people.
Chief Superintendent Leonardo Espina, PNP spokesman, said the 10 Policy Guidelines and the Nine Prohibited Acts will be echoed down the line in the scheduled meeting of the PNP Command Group with all Chief of Police in Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.
“This is timely because of the nationwide observance of the Holy Week. It will define the proper conduct and decorum of all police officers during the election period in addition to the guidelines set forth in the PNP-AFP Joint Letter Directive 01-2010,” said Espina.
By John C. Maxwell
Philippine Daily Inquirer
First Posted 17:20:00 03/27/2010
NOTHING motivates an organization like a clear and compelling vision. But it can be tricky to paint a picture of what’s in your mind so that others can see exactly what you’re seeing. As a leader, how do you enable others to glimpse your vision and how do you inspire them to adopt it?
1) Connect relationally
Leaders err when they believe the content of their vision will sweep others up by itself. Don’t focus on the mechanics of your message to the point where you disregard connecting with your team. People buy into the leader before they buy into the leader’s vision. Touch a person’s heart before you appeal to their head and ask for a hand.
2) Simplify the message
Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address has a place among the great speeches of American history, yet it was barley three minutes in length. As leader, we can learn a lot from Lincoln. When communicating vision, what you say is important, but how you say it determines whether or not the message sticks. Slice and dice your vision until it can be shared in a single sentence. The more concise you make your vision, the more memorable it will be.
3) Embody the vision
People need to see a vision to connect with it, which is why the great communicators harness imagery to amplify the power of their message. Storytelling gets much more mileage than fact-spewing. However, the best representation of a vision occurs when a leader embodies it. People sooner follow what they see than what they hear. When a leader is ablaze with passion, people invariably are attracted to the flame.
4) Prioritize influencers
Leaders treat everyone with respect, but they certainly shouldn’t spend equal time casting vision to each person. To make sure your vision catches on in your organization, prioritize sharing it with key decision-makers. Set up one-on-one meetings. Field questions and respond to concerns. Don’t rush this step. If you convince key personnel to buy-in to your vision, oftentimes they will sell it for you to the rest of the organization. On the contrary, if you cannot gain their support, implementing your vision will be an uphill struggle.
5) Honor the process
Speechmaking has merit, but vision casting happens daily, not just on one occasion. It’s a process rather than an event. To communicate vision effectively requires continual reminders to keep it in the forefront of people’s minds.
Once the vision begins to take shape, every victory is an opportunity to celebrate and reinforce the vision. Also, each defeat must be evaluated and put into perspective lest the setback dishearten people. Unless a leader actively and continually champions a vision, with time it will evaporate.
6) Call to action
Leaders don’t impart vision to make people feel good, but rather to change something. Communicating vision should motivate people to take action by enlisting them in a focused strategy. The goal isn’t simply to get people to agree with a vision, but also to take responsibility for translating it into reality.
Attend I’m Inspired 2 – Real Success Revealed! with Life Mentor Dr. Ramesh Richard, Francis Kong and Anthony and Maricel-Laxa Pangilinan. May 14, 2010, 9am-5pm at the SMX Convention Center. Call Inspire Leadership Consultancy at 687-2614 or 706-4853 and look for Kriselle to avail of special early bird rates and sponsorships.
By Olivier Thibault
Agence France-Presse First Posted 13:24:00 03/25/2010
MADRID, Spain—Moves to combat “transplant tourism,” in which patients from rich countries pay large sums to have organ transplants in poor ones, are gaining pace, experts told an international conference.
The World Health Organization and the European Union have led the way in tackling the problem, the Madrid conference on organ donations and transplants heard.
“Stopping the illegal trafficking of organs and ending transplant tourism is an objective shared by all countries,” Spanish Health Minister Trinidad Jimenez said.
“The European Union has a harmonized model in which no one puts a price on an organ, and the WHO is making a great effort to spread this model,” she added.
Rafael Matesanz, head of the Spain’s national transplant organization, said efforts to curb transplant tourism “began in 2005 with the very decisive action of the World Health Organization and the international Transplantation Society to establish laws in the countries where it does not exist.”
Dr. Luc Noel, a coordinator of the WHO on the subject, said a “common front” was now emerging in the battle against the practice.
He noted that laws against the trafficking of organs had been adopted in five countries considered among the worst offenders: China, the Philippines, Pakistan, Egypt, and Colombia.
In all these countries, many poor people sell their livers or kidneys to patients in rich countries in need of them.
Noel said that although organ transplant tourism continued in China, legislation passed there in 2007 had already led to the arrest of a gang of traffickers.
China’s deputy health minister Dr Huang Jiefu attended the Madrid conference to emphasize his country’s efforts in this regard.
“Since the beginning of this century, organ transplantation has become a booming health industry” in a country where “over 90 percent of the organs still come from executed prisoners,” he said.
“The trading of human organs emerged in China in an under-regulated environment, forming a tremendous profit chain that is against the principles of equality and the goal of building harmonious society in China.”
The Spanish newspaper El Pais recently reported the case of a Spaniard, Oscar Garay, who paid 135,000 euros ($180,000) to receive a new liver in a hospital in the Chinese city of Tianjin in 2008.
Huang Jiefu admitted that since the 2007 law, “we still have some hospitals trading with illegal organ agencies and … selling organs to foreigners for profit.”
But he noted that seven hospitals had had their licenses withdrawn for carrying out transplants.
The head of the Transplantation Society, Professor Jeremy Chapman, said “China is working very hard to stop the trade” in organs.
But he said such work must go hand in hand with efforts in the countries of origin of the “tourists.”
“To stop the trade you must stop the need. There are some very successful examples where patients used to leave the country and now they hardly do it at all. I would pick Saudi Arabia as a success story,” he said.
Durian is an exotic, expensive, and seasonal fruit that has rich content of phytonutrients, antioxidant, protein, vitamins and minerals. Durian can give more spirit and energy to your days because it has high calories and carbohydrate (both are good source of energy). Main ingredients that contribute a lot to the benefits are Organosulfur Compounds and Tryptophan, but there other healthy components like dietary fiber and protein. Yet, durian does not have cholesterol. Many folk medications use durian’s leaves and roots to treat fever.
The Organosulfur has benefits as followed.
- To inhibit the formation of blood clots, thus prevent from heart attack and stroke.
- To control the inflammatory enzymes, thus also prevent from cardiovascular disease.
- To act as antioxidant, antimicrobial, antifungal, and antibacterial.
- To help you get good complexion, healthy hair, glowing skin, better brain function.
- To treat muscles soreness, enhance balance blood sugar, reduce stiffness and pain, and improve joint flexibility.
The tryptophan or L-Tryptophan has benefits as followed.
- To treat anxiety, bulimia, depression, insomnia, migraine, nightmares, compulsive disorder, and stress.
- To help you get better sleep, especially if you take some calcium with it.
- To help the treatment of Parkinson’s disease, obsessive compulsive disorder, premenstrual syndrome, suicidal related depression, and pain release.
Some people can not stand the smell of durian, while the rest love it so much. It tastes like heaven for those who love, even just by smelling the odor will make people curious. Countries in Asia are main producers of durians. They are Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, India, Vietnam, Philippine, and some others. There are hundreds variants of durians, but only some are heavily planted and sold. If you buy durians, you would want to choose ones that are big, fresh, fully ripen, and have solid stems. It is usually fully ripen in 2 to 4 days after falling from the tree, the best time to enjoy the flesh.
- Raises serotonin levels…Creates an over-all sense of well being and aids in depression.
- It has a high amount of protein and amino acids (22 out of 24)…Good for muscle building and organ function.
- High in antioxidants…For anti-aging benefits including enhancing the appearance of your skin.
- It has the most complete nutritional profile of any fruit…Certain groups of people in Asia live on it, and nothing else, for up to 2 months at a time.
- It has the most complete nutritional profile of any fruit…Certain groups of people in Asia live on it, and nothing else, for up to 2 months at a time.
- It is power packed with nutrients, including essential fatty acids and organo-sulfur compounds…For increased energy, endurance, mental clarity, and cellular health.
- It enhances libido…It helps revitalize the desire for sexual intimacy
- Rich history of traditional uses…Anti-inflammatory, anti-parasitic, Thermogenic, calms fever, aids healing of swelling and skin diseases
- It has the most complete nutritional profile of any fruit…Certain groups of people in Asia live on it, and nothing else, for up to 2 months at a time.
Drinking Durian For Beauty
According to David Wolf’s “Eating for Beauty”
“Durian contains high levels of tryptophan. This is an amino acid and a tryptamine (similar to serotonin, melatonin, and DMT). Researchers have discovered that tryptophan helps both anxious, depressed, repressed people, as well as insomniacs. Tryptophan works by raising serotonin levels in the brain. When serotonin levels increase, a euphoric feeling is felt as a free passage is cleared for nerve impulses to travel.
Durian is such a strong blood cleaner that eating a few durian a day can change the odor of urine (urine is filtered out of blood).
What gives durian its strongest beautifying characteristics is its high concentration of raw oleic fats (and vitamin E), sulphur compounds, and soft proteins. Durian actually contains one of the highest concentrations of protein of any fruit, making it an excellent muscle builder.” Organic sulfur
compounds among other properties in durian are very cleansing for the body.
Durian provides “more concentrated healthful energy in food form than any other product the world affords” – to keep the body vigorous and tireless; the mind alert with faculties undimmed; the spirit youthful.
Nutritive Value per 100 g
- Vitamin A: 20-30 I.U.
- Ascorbic Acid: 23.9-25.0 mg
- Vitamin E: “high”
- Calcium: 7.6-9.0 mg
- Phosphorus: 37.8-44.0 mg
- Potassium: 436 mg
- Thiamine: 0.24-0.352 mg
- Riboflavin: 0.20 mg
- Niacin0.6: 83-0.70 mg
- Iron: 0.73-1.0 mg
- Sugars(approx.) 12.0 g
- Protein: 2.5-2.8 g
- Fat: 5.33g
- Fiber: 3.8 g
- Total Carbohydrates: 30.4-34.1 g
- Calories: 144
- Carbohydrate (in the form of sugars, mainly glucose and fructose) – 7.8 to 9.2%
- Protein (with essential amino acids) – 15% to 28%
- Fatty acids like linoleic, stearic, and oleic acids – 0.4 to0.5%
- Malic acid, producing sour taste – 1.1 to1.9%
- Fiber – 0.9 to1.4%
- Calcium – 1.8 to 2.4%
- Phosphorus – 0.14 to 0.24%
- Potassium – 1.90 to 2.87% in leaves, 1.33 to1.53% in young stems
- Magnesium – 0.47 to 0.63% in leaves, 0.26 to 0.35% in young stems
- Mulberry can balance internal secretions and enhance immunity. It promotes proper body fluid production. People suffering from body fluid deficiency could take ten grams of mulberry daily with water.
- Mulberry is useful for the persons who use their eyes a lot during work. Regular consumption of mulberry strengthens eyesight.
- Presence of nutritious elements like minerals and vitamins in mulberry helps in curing chronic diseases.
- Mulberry is helpful for proper gastric juice secretion.
- Regular use of Mulberry enhances appetite, and also improves the ability for digesting and assimilating.
- Mulberry could be used to fight problems like chronic gastritis and chronic hepatitis.
- Regular consumption of mulberry juice would be helpful in curing health problems like anemia, pallor, dizziness, heart-palpitations and insomnia.
- Persons with graying hair can also get benefited by regular intake of Mulberry. Mulberry juice applied directly on head also promotes healthy growth of hair and blackening.
- Nutritious value of Mulberry enriches the blood and in the process, soothes the nerves.
- Mulberry could be helpful in promoting the metabolism of alcohol.
- Mulberry helps in containing hypertension.
- Regular intake of Mulberry strengthens body parts like liver and kidney.
- Mulberry is helpful in treating constipation.
- Mulberry is instrumental in eliminating abdominal distention.
- Intake of mulberry juice after any surgery is restorative.
- Mulberry is helpful in recuperating after long-time sickness.
- Consumption of Mulberry after childbirth is good for women’s health.
- Use of Mulberry keeps low cholesterol level in the body.
- Mulberry can suppress mutagenesis of carcinogens.
- Regular use of Mulberry prevents cancer of liver.
- Mulberry is helpful in reducing level of blood sugar.
MULBERRY LEAF POWDER CONTAINS FULL SPECTRIUM CHEMICALS ACTIVITIES IN PHARMACEUTICAL APPLICATIONS:
(+)-CATECHIN, (+)-GALLOCATECHIN, (-)-EPICATECHIN, (-) EPIGALLOCATECHIN, AFZELIN, AMENTOFLAVONE, ASTRAGALIN, ISOQUERCITRIN, QUERCITRIN, ZINC.
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN, 6-(PENTADECYL)-SALICYLIC-ACID, ACACETIN, AMENTOFLAVONE, ASCORBIC-ACID, ASTRAGALIN, DAUCOSTEROL, ISOQUERCITRIN, KAEMPFEROL, LUTEOLIN, P-COUMARIC-ACID, QUERCETIN, QUERCITRIN, RUTIN, VANILLIC-ACID.
(+)-CATECHIN, (-)-EPICATECHIN, AMENTOFLAVONE, APIGENIN, LUTEOLIN, MYRICETIN, OPCS, PROCYANIDIN, QUERCETIN, TANNIN.
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN, ANACARDIC-ACID, BETA-CAROTENE, LINOLEIC-ACID, PUFA, SELENIUM, THYMOL, ZINC.
APIGENIN, ASCORBIC-ACID, BETA-CAROTENE, BILOBALIDE, CHROMIUM,
CHOLINE, QUERCETIN, THIAMIN, ZINC.
CALCIUM, MAGNESIUM, TRYPTOPHAN.
APIGENIN, GINKGOLIDE-B, MAGNESIUM, POTASSIUM, PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID, QUERCITRIN.
HISTIDINE, LINOLEIC-ACID, SILICON.
ASCORBIC-ACID, COPPER, LINOLEIC-ACID, MAGNESIUM, PANTOTHENIC-ACID, QUERCETIN, THYMOL.
ASCORBIC-ACID, BETA-CAROTENE, GINKGOLIDE-A, GINKGOLIDE-B, GINKGOLIDE-C, GINKGOLIDES, MAGNESIUM, OPCS, PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID, QUERCETIN,
LUTEOLIN, OPCS, RUTIN.
ASCORBIC-ACID, CALCIUM, CHROMIUM, CITRIC-ACID, LUTEIN, MAGNESIUM, MALIC-ACID, PROANTHOCYANIDINS, QUERCETIN, RUTIN,
CYSTEINE, OPCS, PROCYANIDIN, PRODELPHINIDIN.
ALPHA-CAROTENE, BETA-CAROTENE, BUTYRIC-ACID, ISOQUERCITRIN, KAEMPFEROL, RUTIN, SHIKIMIC-ACID, TANNIN, VANILLIC-ACID.
Anticancer (Lung) Activity:
ALPHA-CAROTENE, APIGENIN, BETA-SITOSTEROL.
Anticarcinomic (Breast) Activity:
ASCORBIC-ACID, CYSTEINE, LUTEOLIN, METHIONINE, QUERCETIN, QUERCITRIN, RIBOFLAVIN, RUTIN, ZINC.
(+)-CATECHIN, CITRIC-ACID, D-CATECHIN.
BETA-CAROTENE, LINOLEIC-ACID, MAGNESIUM, SELENIUM, ZINC.
ASCORBIC-ACID, CALCIUM, MAGNESIUM, PHENYLALANINE, POTASSIUM,
(-)-EPICATECHIN, ASCORBIC-ACID, CHOLINE, CHROMIUM, COPPER, FIBER, FRUCTOSE, GLUCOMANNAN, MAGNESIUM, MANGANESE, PINITOL, QUERCETIN, RUTIN, XYLOSE, ZINC.
AMENTOFLAVONE, ASCORBIC-ACID, BETA-SITOSTEROL, GINKGETIN, GLUCOSE, OPCS, PROANTHOCYANIDINS, PROCYANIDIN, QUERCITRIN,
APIGENIN, BETA-SITOSTEROL, LUTEOLIN, QUERCETIN.
PANTOTHENIC-ACID, POTASSIUM, THIAMIN, VANILLIC-ACID.
ERGOSTEROL, P-CYMENE, QUERCETIN, QUERCITRIN.
ASCORBIC-ACID, MAGNESIUM, RUTIN.
ASCORBIC-ACID, GLUCOSE, P-COUMARIC-ACID, PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID,
QUERCETIN, QUERCITRIN, RUTIN, STIGMASTEROL, TANNIN.
(+)-CATECHIN, (-)-EPICATECHIN, ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID, AMENTOFLAVONE, APIGENIN, ASCORBIC-ACID, BETA-SITOSTEROL, COPPER, GINKGETIN, GINKGOLIDES, ISOQUERCITRIN, ISORHAMNETIN,
KAEMPFEROL, LINOLEIC-ACID, LUTEOLIN, MAGNESIUM, MUFA, MYRICETIN, OLEIC-ACID, OPCS, PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID, QUERCETIN,
QUERCETIN-3-RHAMNOGLUCOSIDE, QUERCITRIN, RUTIN, SCIADOPITYSIN,
STIGMASTEROL, THYMOL, VANILLIC-ACID.
(-)-EPICATECHIN, AMENTOFLAVONE, APIGENIN, ASTRAGALIN, BETA-SITOSTEROL, DAUCOSTEROL, KAEMPFEROL, LUTEOLIN, P-COUMARIC-ACID, PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID, QUERCETIN, SELENIUM, VANILLIC-ACID.
APIGENIN, BETA-IONONE, LUTEOLIN, QUERCETIN, RUTIN, SELENIUM, THYMOL.
ASCORBIC-ACID, MAGNESIUM, RIBOFLAVIN, THIAMIN, TRYPTOPHAN.
(+)-CATECHIN, (+)-GALLOCATECHIN, (-)-EPICATECHIN, (-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN, ACACETIN, APIGENIN, ASCORBIC-ACID, BETA-CAROTENE, BETA-EUDESMOL, BETA-SITOSTEROL, CITRIC-ACID, KAEMPFEROL, LUTEOLIN, MYRICETIN, NONACOSANE, P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID, PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID, QUERCETIN, QUERCITRIN, RUTIN,
ASCORBIC-ACID, CHROMIUM, FIBER, OPCS, ZINC.
(+)-CATECHIN, (+)-GALLOCATECHIN, (-)-EPICATECHIN, (-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN, ALANINE, AMENTOFLAVONE, APIGENIN, ASCORBIC-ACID, BETA-CAROTENE, BETA-SITOSTEROL, BILOBALIDE, BILOBETIN, CAMPESTEROL, CYSTEINE, GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL, GINKGETIN, GINKGOLIDE-A, GINKGOLIDE-B, GINKGOLIDE-C, GINKGOLIDE-J, GINKGOLIDES, HISTIDINE, ISOQUERCITRIN, ISORHAMNETIN, KAEMPFEROL,
LAURIC-ACID, LUTEIN, LUTEOLIN, METHIONINE, MYRICETIN, MYRISTIC-ACID, OPCS, P-COUMARIC-ACID, P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID, PALMITIC-ACID, PROANTHOCYANIDINS, PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID, QUERCETIN, QUERCITRIN, RUTIN, SCIADOPITYSIN, SELENIUM, SHIKIMIC-ACID,
STIGMASTEROL, SUCROSE, TANNIN, THYMOL, TRYPTOPHAN, VANILLIC-ACID.
ASCORBIC-ACID, METHIONINE, NIACIN, PHENYLALANINE, TRYPTOPHAN, TYROSINE.
(+)-CATECHIN, ANACARDIC-ACID, BETA-SITOSTEROL, GINKGOIC-ACID,
THYMOL, TRYPTOPHAN, ZINC.
3,4-DIHYDROXYBENZOIC-ACID,ASPARAGINE, GLYCINE, HOMOSERINE, P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID, PHENYLALANINE, VANILLIC-ACID.
APIGENIN, DAUCOSTEROL, GINKGETIN, ISORHAMNETIN, KAEMPFEROL, KAEMPFEROL-3-RHAMNOGLUCOSIDE, LUTEOLIN, NIACIN, P-COUMARIC-ACID, POTASSIUM, PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID,QUERCETIN, QUERCETIN-3-RHAMNOGLUCOSIDE, QUERCITRIN, RUTIN,SHIKIMIC-ACID, THYMOL, VALERIANIC-ACID.
APIGENIN, BETA-CAROTENE, GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC-ACID.
ANACARDIC-ACID, BILOBOL, CARDANOL, GINKGOLIDES.
ANACARDIC-ACID, APIGENIN, BETA-CAROTENE, BETA-IONONE, BILOBOL,
BUTYRIC-ACID, CITRIC-ACID, CYSTEINE, DAUCOSTEROL, FIBER, GINKGOIC-ACID, GINKGOLIC-ACID, ISOQUERCITRIN, KAEMPFEROL, LUTEOLIN, MALIC-ACID, P-COUMARIC-ACID, PROANTHOCYANIDINS, QUERCETIN, QUERCITRIN, RUTIN, SELENIUM, SHIKIMIC-ACID, TANNIN, VANILLIC-ACID.
Antitumor (Breast) Activity:
APIGENIN, BETA-CAROTENE, BETA-SITOSTEROL, LUTEIN, QUERCETIN, SELENIUM, ZEAXANTHIN.
Antitumor (Colon) Activity:
BETA-CAROTENE, LUTEIN, LUTEOLIN, PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID, QUERCETIN.
Antitumor (Lung) Activity:
APIGENIN, ASCORBIC-ACID, BETA-CAROTENE, BETA-SITOSTEROL, LUTEOLIN, QUERCETIN, SELENIUM.
Antitumor (Skin) Activity:
APIGENIN, LUTEOLIN, PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID, QUERCETIN,
Antitumor (brain) Activity:
ISOQUERCITRIN, KAEMPFEROL, QUERCETIN, RUTIN, SHIKIMIC-ACID, TANNIN, VANILLIC-ACID.
(+)-CATECHIN, AMENTOFLAVONE, ASCORBIC-ACID, BETA-CAROTENE, BETA-EUDESMOL CYSTEINE, ELEMOL, FIBER, GINKGOLIDE-B, GLYCINE,
HISTIDINE, KAEMPFEROL, QUERCETIN, QUERCITRIN, RUTIN, TANNIN, THREONINE, TYROSINE, ZINC.
(-)-EPICATECHIN, AMENTOFLAVONE, APIGENIN, ASCORBIC-ACID, BETA-SITOSTEROL, BILOBETIN, ERGOSTEROL, GINKGETIN, KAEMPFEROL, LAURIC-ACID, LUTEOLIN, MYRICETIN, NONACOSANE, OPCS, P-CYMENE, PROANTHOCYANIDINS, PROCYANIDIN, PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID, QUERCETIN, QUERCITRIN, RUTIN, STIGMASTEROL, TANNIN.
APIGENIN, GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC-ACID, GLUTAMIC-ACID.
(+)-CATECHIN, (-)-EPICATECHIN, ALANINE, ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID, APIGENIN, ASCORBIC-ACID, BETA-CAROTENE, BETA-IONONE, BETA-SITOSTEROL, CYSTEINE, D-CATECHIN, FIBER, GLYCINE, ISOQUERCITRIN, ISORHAMNETIN, KAEMPFEROL, LINOLEIC-ACID, LUTEOLIN, METHIONINE, MUFA, MYRICETIN, MYRISTIC-ACID, NIACIN, OLEIC-ACID, OPCS, P-COUMARIC-ACID, P-HYDROXY-BENZOIC-ACID, PANTOTHENIC-ACID,
QUERCETIN, QUERCITRIN, RIBOFLAVIN, RUTIN, SELENIUM, SERINE, SHIKIMIC-ACID, STIGMASTEROL, SUCCINIC-ACID, TANNIN, TYROSINE, VANILLIC-ACID.
(+)-CATECHIN, (-)-EPICATECHIN, D-CATECHIN, QUERCITRIN.
BEHENIC-ACID, MYRISTIC-ACID, STEARIC-ACID.
APIGENIN, BETA-SITOSTEROL, KAEMPFEROL, LUTEOLIN, QUERCETIN, STIGMASTEROL.
(+)-CATECHIN, ACACETIN, BETA-EUDESMOL, BETA-SITOSTEROL, CHOLINE, ISORHAMNETIN, KAEMPFEROL, LINOLEIC-ACID, LUTEOLIN, METHIONINE, NIACIN, PROANTHOCYANIDINS, QUERCETIN, RUTIN, TANNIN, ZEAXANTHIN.
(-)-EPICATECHIN, ASCORBIC-ACID, BETA-IONONE, BETA-SITOSTEROL, CALCIUM, CAMPESTEROL, CHROMIUM, COPPER, FIBER, GINKGOIC-ACID, GLUCOMANNAN, LINOLEIC-ACID, LUTEOLIN, MAGNESIUM, MUFA, OLEIC-ACID, RUTIN, STEARIC-ACID, STIGMASTEROL.
ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID, APIGENIN, ASCORBIC-ACID, ASTRAGALIN, CALCIUM, CHOLINE, CHROMIUM, FIBER, GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC-ACID,
ISOQUERCITRIN, KAEMPFEROL, MAGNESIUM, QUERCITRIN, RUTIN, TRYPTOPHAN, ZINC.
(-)-EPICATECHIN, ASCORBIC-ACID, BETA-SITOSTEROL, CHROMIUM, DAUCOSTEROL, MANGANESE, MYRICETIN, NIACIN, QUERCETIN, QUERCITRIN, TRYPTOPHAN.
(+)-CATECHIN, (-)-EPICATECHIN, ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID, ASCORBIC-ACID,
ASTRAGALI, BETA-CAROTENE, PHOSPHORU, PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID, SELENIUM, ZINC.
(-)-EPICATECHIN, CHROMIUM, MAGNESIUM, QUERCETIN, ZINC.
APIGENIN, KAEMPFEROL, QUERCETIN.
BILOBALIDE, GINKGOLIDE-A, GINKGOLIDE-B, GINKGOLIDES, KAEMPFEROL, QUERCETIN.
APIGENIN, OPCS, RUTIN.
(-)-EPICATECHIN, ALPHA-LINOLENIC-ACID, APIGENIN, ARGININE, ASCORBIC-ACID, CALCIUM, FIBER, GINKGETIN, ISORHAMNETIN, KAEMPFEROL, LUTEOLIN, MAGNESIUM, MYRICETIN, NIACIN,POTASSIUM,
PROANTHOCYANIDINS, QUERCETIN, RUTIN.
APIGENIN, BETA-EUDESMOL, GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC-ACID, NIACIN,
P-CYMENE, STIGMASTEROL, THYMOL, TRYPTOPHAN.
“A MIRACULOUS natural cancer cell killer, 10,000 times stronger than chemotherapy.” That was how the forwarded e-mail described the fruits of sour sop or graviola (more popularly known here as guyabano or labana).
“What’s more, unlike chemotherapy, the compound extracted from the graviola tree selectively hunts down and kills only cancer cells,” the e-mail said. “It does not harm healthy cells!” In addition, it “effectively targets and kills malignant cells in 12 types of cancer, including colon, breast, prostate, lung and pancreatic cancer.”
According to the email, a research has been conducted and showed that the extracts from guyabano can “attack cancer safely and effectively with an all-natural therapy that does not cause extreme nausea, weight loss and hair loss.”
It also “protects your immune system and avoids deadly infections; feels stronger and healthier throughout the course of the treatment; and boosts your energy and improves your outlook on life.”
One wonders: Why are people not aware of this fact? The e-mail explained: “It’s because some big corporation want to make back their money spent on years of research by trying to make a synthetic version of it for sale.”
The US National Cancer Institute reportedly performed the first scientific research on graviola in 1976. The results showed that the plant’s “leaves and stems were found effective in attacking and destroying malignant cells.” Although the results were supposedly published in an internal report, it was never released to the public.
Whether the circulated e-mail is true or not, the guyabano (scientific name: Anona muricata) has been identified by the US National Academy of Sciences (NAS) as one of the fruits that deserved attention.
The book Underexploited Tropical Plants with Promising Economic Value described it as “a tropical fruit with potential for development as a processed industrial commodity.”
Plants of the Philippines, published by the University of the Philippines in the 1970s, mentioned guyabano just in passing. “A relative of atis” is all you can read about the fruit in the 550-page book.
The heart shaped guyabano fruit has a dark green, leathery and spike like skin that measures from 8 to 12 inches long and can weigh up to 2.5 kilos. Ripe fruits are light yellow and soft. The creamy and delectable flesh contains from 60 to 100 black-brown seeds that are indigestible and non-edible.
Comparisons of the flavor of guyabano range from strawberry and pineapple mixed together to sour citrus flavor notes contrasting with an underlying creamy roundness of flavor reminiscent of coconut or banana.
A native of tropical America, guyabano was introduced into the Philippines at an early date and is no cultivated in all parts of the Archipelago. The plant grows in any kind of soil, but a fairly deep, friable soil of volcanic origin is conducive to growth and fruiting. It thrives very well from sea level up to 500 meters above sea level.
Guyabano is one of the healthiest fruits known to man. The flesh of the fruit consist of a white edible pulp that is high in carbohydrates (particularly fructose) and considerable amounts of Vitamin C, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, potassium and dietary fiber.
Guyabano is low in cholesterol, saturated fat and sodium. Not only is guyabano a good health food, it also taste delicious.
Aside from being eaten raw, the guyabano fruit is processed into candies, tarts, shakes, ice cream, and sherbets and other beverages. An assortment of punch and cocktail drinks can be made by mixing the nectar with wine rum or cola drinks or buko (fresh coconut) juice and ice.
In Indonesia, immature guyabano are cooked as vegetables or used in soup in Indonesia. In the northeastern part of Brazil, they are either roasted or fried.
The fruit, seeds, and leaves have a number of herbal medicinal uses in countries where the plant is common. The sap of the young leaves may be applied directly on pimples to induce suppuration. The sap is also considered parasitical.
An alcoholic extract of the leaves, when distilled with steam, yields a small amount of essential oil. The portion of alcoholic extract which is soluble in water contains a large amount of potassium chloride together with dextrose tannins, amorphous products, and a small amount of an alkaloid substance which could not be crystallized. The leaves and roots also cure colic and convulsions.
To reduce fever, a decoction of leaves can be taken internally. It has the same effect as when leaves are added to bathing water. In the Caribbean, it is believed that laying the leaves of the guyabano on a bed below a sleeping person with a fever will break the fever by the next morning.
The crushed fresh leaves are also applied on skin eruptions for faster healing. A poultice of young guyabano leaves is applied on the skin to alleviate rheumatism and other skin infections like eczema. Applied during the healing of wounds, this can result in less or no skin scars.
The decoction can also be used as a wet compress on swollen feet and other inflammations. Poultice of mashed leaves and sap of young leaves are used for eczema and skin eruptions.
The guyabano leaves are believed to have tranquilizing and sedative properties. In the Netherlands Antilles, the leaves are placed inside pillows or placed on top of the mattress to induce a good night’s sleep. Boiling the leaves and drinking may help induce sleep.
Guyabano are also good in checking insect pests. Pulverizing the guyabano seeds and mixing it with soap and water can be used as an effective spray against caterpillars, armyworms and leafhoppers on plants. The petroleum ether and chloroform extracts of guyabano are toxic to black carpet beetle larvae. The seed oil kills head lice.
The bark of the guyabano tree has been used in tanning. The bark fiber is strong but, since fruiting trees are not expendable, is resorted to only in necessity. Bark, as well as seeds and roots, has been used as fish poison.
The wood is pale, aromatic, soft, light in weight and not durable. It has been used for ox yokes because it does not cause hair loss on the neck. Analyses of the wood in Brazil show cellulose content of 65 to 76 percent, high enough to be a potential source of paper pulp.
Here are some words of warning: Research carried out in the Caribbean has suggested a connection between consumption of guyabano and atypical forms of Parkinson’s disease due to the very high concentration of annonacin. On the other hand, the seeds contain 45 percent of yellow non-drying oil which is an irritant poison, causing severe eye inflammation.
“Guyabano seeds are toxic, and care must be taken to assure that all are removed before the pulp is processed,” the NAS reminds.